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Root Canal Therapy
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Root Canal Therapy
Root canal treatment (also referred to as root canal therapy or endodontic therapy) is made necessary when the bacteria from a cavity is allowed, through neglect, to reach all the way to this pulp, or when a tooth has received trauma, such as a blow to the face. (Regular cleanings and checkups prevent and detect cavity problems early to avoid this complication).

Sometimes deep restorations or trauma to a tooth may cause the nerve to be damaged to the point it needs root canal therapy. Once this occurs the pulp becomes infected, and can even extend through the root tip and begin to eat away at the surrounding bone (this is an abscess). By the time the pulp is infected it must be treated, and cannot heal on its own. It can even weaken the entire immune system. This is dangerous, not to mention very painful.

Symptoms that the pulp has become infected may include sensitivity to hot/cold or sweets, pain, swelling, pain to biting or pressure, the appearance of a “pimple” on the gums, and a bad taste in the mouth. Sometimes, however, no symptoms are apparent and the person is unaware of any problem until a checkup.

A root canal is then performed to clean out the infected nerves and blood supply from the inside of the tooth, and disinfect the space inside of the tooth. The only other treatment would be to extract the tooth. Once the infection is resolved, the canal(s) are filled in to prevent any further infection. Usually a core build-up and crown is recommended for restoring a tooth that has had root canal therapy.